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ABI Reflects Strongest Billings in Nearly Two Years

Hiring at firms also begins to pick up steam

By Jennifer Riskus

Architecture firms reported an improvement in business conditions for the second consecutive month in September, as the Architecture Billings Index (ABI) climbed to a score of 51.6, reflecting the strongest growth in nearly two years. With the general economy continuing to show signs of improvement, there is hope for a more sustained period of recovery for the profession. Inquiries into new work remained strong this month, and fewer firms reported a decline in the value of new design contracts.

However, architecture firm billings are not improving in all regions of the country. Just like last month, firms in the South and West regions are reporting growth, while firms in the Northeast and Midwest are reporting weaker firm billings. After nearly five years of declining billings, firms in the West not only reported billings growth for the second month in a row in September, but also had the highest score of all four regions.

By firm specialization, improvement is more broad-based, with firms of all specialties except commercial/industrial reporting higher firm billings in September. Firms with a residential specialization recorded their highest scores in nearly seven years, as the demand for rental housing is increasing, interest rates continue to fall, and the mortgage crisis recedes further into the background. Commercial buildings are overbuilt in many areas, and firms specializing in that sector may still see some softness until they are filled.

The general economy showed some positive signs in September, as the unemployment rate finally fell below 8 percent, to 7.8 percent. Payrolls increased again, but gains were relatively modest, with 114,000 jobs added. Construction employment remains essentially flat, while architectural services employment shed 300 jobs in August (the most recent data available) after growing in each of the last six months. However, because this data is not seasonally adjusted, the decline is likely due to the typical fall slowdown.

The Federal Reserve recently released the latest issue of their Beige Book report, which shows that there has been a moderate economic expansion across much of the United States over the last few weeks. Residential construction activity is increasing, with multifamily construction particularly strong in the Boston, New York, Atlanta, Chicago, and Dallas districts. Many districts are also reporting that their inventories of existing homes are shrinking. Just as the ABI data for this sector demonstrates, the commercial real estate market for office buildings has been weakening in districts located in the Northeast, although other areas show more stability. The industrial real estate market has shown greater improvement recently, particularly in the New York, Philadelphia, Cleveland, and Atlanta districts.

As architecture firms continue to emerge from the economic downturn, the need to hire new employees is rising. In response to this month’s special practice question, nearly half of firms (44 percent) reported that they have been looking to hire employees this year. Just over half of firms located in the Midwest have been hiring, as have nearly three quarters (73 percent) of firms with annual billings of $5 million or more. The firms that have been hiring recently (and have not had trouble finding qualified applicants) have mostly been looking to fill mid-level positions, but 40 percent are also looking to fill senior technical or managerial positions.

Only 14 percent of firms report that they are hiring but are having trouble finding qualified applicants for open architecture positions, mainly because many applicants lack the technical skills necessary for the job openings, such as Revit experience. Forty-eight percent reported that the applicants lack appropriate job experience, and 45 percent feel that there just aren’t enough qualified applicants currently on the market.

This month, Word-on-the-Boards participants are saying:

    • Some encouraging signs of an uptick: Quite a few potential clients who contacted us a year or two ago have resurfaced. Potential clients are also beginning to mention wanting to take advantage of lower construction costs and loan rates before things pick up. —Seven-person firm in the West, residential specialization

    • We expected this to be a breakout year, and while our billings have been mostly strong, we have had to work extremely hard to maintain a backlog. —37-person firm in the South, institutional specialization

    • Work is extremely slow, not many new projects on the horizon. Expecting more after the election and turn of the new year. —Two-person firm in the Northeast, commercial/industrial specialization

    • [There is] continued weakness in the K–12 market in eastern Missouri. [There are] no plans to proceed with new projects for the first half of 2013 or beyond. Depressed home values lower the assessed valuation of the district. State funding of operations is also a concern. —13-person firm in the Midwest, institutional specialization



Recent Related:

August Billings Stabilize After Four Straight Declines

Architecture Firm Billing Losses Moderate, but Continue in July

Slowdown at Architecture Firms Continues

Broader Economy Pulls Monthly ABI Down


The ABI Work-on-the-Boards panel is open to any AIA member who is principal/partner of their firm. Apply to join the ABI panel by completing a brief background information form on your firm here.

About the AIA Architecture Billings Index

The Architecture Billings Index (ABI), produced by the AIA Economics and Market Research Group, is a leading economic indicator that provides an approximately nine- to 12-month glimpse into the future of nonresidential construction spending activity. The diffusion indexes contained in the full report are derived from a monthly “Work-on-the-Boards” survey that is sent to a panel of AIA member–owned firms. Participants are asked whether their billings increased, decreased, or stayed the same in the month that just ended, as compared to the prior month, and the results are then compiled into the ABI. These monthly results are also seasonally adjusted to allow for comparison to prior months. The monthly ABI index scores are centered near 50, with scores above 50 indicating an aggregate increase in billings, and scores below 50 indicating a decline. The regional and sector data are formulated using a three-month moving average. More information on the ABI and the analysis of its relationship to construction activity can be found in the white paper “Architecture Billings as a Leading Indicator of Construction: Analysis of the Relationship between a Billings Index and Construction Spending” on


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