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Slide 1

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF ARCHITECTS

MOBILITY

August 2008

Gaëtan Siew IP President

Slide 3

MOBILITY

Questions ?

Mobility

People

Ideas

Services

Key Issues

1. Context – Global Trends

1. Absolute terms

1. WTO

1. UIA

1. The Reality

1. The Future

Slide 5

MOBILITY

Context

1. Context

Global Trends

Technology

6,5 billions population

4,5 billions radios

3,5 billions tv

3,2 billions mobiles

1,5 billion computers

700 millions bloggers (MySpace, Facebook,etc)

Electronic Change

1950s - Air travel

1960s – Communication systems telephone, fax, email, internet

1980s – Computer (r)evolution, mobile telephone

1990s – Digital camera

Extreme Mobility of

has removed all barriers of protection

People

Goods

Ideas and Concepts

Slide 7

MOBILITY

Context

Barriers

Regulatory requirements

Academic

    Recognised qualification (5 years)

Professional

    Experience (2 years)

    Examination (some countries)

    Clean Track record ( Ethics and Legal)

    CPD (some countries)

Financial, Immigration and Labour laws

    Business Visa

    Customs regulations (documents, materials, models)

    Establishing business presence

    Transfer of profits out of country

    Tax policies and regulations

Slide 9

MOBILITY

WTO

Modes

Modes

Mode 1: Cross-border supply

Ex : Outsourcing

No guidelines from UIA

Mode 2:Consumption abroad

Ex: Client travels and buys full design overseas to build at home

No guidelines from UIA

Mode 3:Commercial Presence

Ex : Opening an office or a branch overseas

UIA guidelines: MRA – Practice in a host nation

Mode 4: Presence of Natural Persons

Ex: Most common thru’ JV on project to project basis

UIA guidelines: MRA – Practice in a host nation

Slide 11

MOBILITY

UIA

Education

International Standards

2002 UNESCO-UIA Charter for Education

    Curriculum definition

UNESCO-UIA Validation of Schools/Universities

    Parnership with RIBA

CPD – Continuing Professional Development

    Partnership with Spain

    International CPD platform

Exchange programme

Curaçao

International Exchange programme for students

and young architects

International Exchange programme for lecturers

International Database

World schools survey – Tongji CAUP, Shanghai University

Slide 13

MOBILITY

UIA

UIA – Practice

International Standards

1999 UIA International Accord on Practice

2006 WTO Geneva discussions on Domestic Regulations

UIA – Only body according to Art VIII of GATS to establish

international standards for architectural services

Capacity Building

Enabling transition countries to reach international standards

International Database

International Practice survey – COAC, Barcelona – 91 Countries

Slide 15

MOBILITY

Reality

Exporters

    West EU 1,8 %,

    East EU 4,5 %,

    Asia 6,1 %,

    N America 1,2 %,

    M East

    Africa 4,2 %,

    S America 3,9 %,

US 2007 international architectural fees = 2,8 billions €

Slide 17

MOBILITY

Reality

Outsourcing

Locations

    India 4 %, of all IT Services

    Growth 8% to 20% in 2009

Slide 19

MOBILITY

Reality

Political Framework - MRAs

MRAs bypass registration procedures

MRAs – ACE: Mexico, Cuba , US

AU-NZ : Singapore and US

ANZCERTA

SAARC/SAFTA

ASEAN

CIS

GCC

EFTA

EU

UEMOA

UMA

COMESA

CEMAC

SACU

APEC: 14 countries

EEC – 30 countries

Schenghen – 24 countries mobility

EU Blue Card for non EU Citizens

NAFTA – US, Canada, Mexico

NAFTA

SADC

CARICOM

MCCA

MERCOSUR

G3

Slide 21

MOBILITY

The Reality

Services flow

NORTH

SOUTH

ACADEMIC

Qualifications acceptable by default

FAIR PRACTICE

SUSTAINABILITY - CULTURAL DIVERSITY

PROFESSIONAL

Non existent – Nominal control

Joint Venture requirement

North lobby to open further

IMMIGRATION

TRADE

LABOUR

No visa required

Freedom of establishment

Freedom of ownership

Slide 23

MOBILITY

The Reality

Services flow

SOUTH

NORTH

ACADEMIC

Qualifications not acceptable in general

Equivalence by MRA or Accord

PROFESSIONAL

Strong legal framework

Nationality/Residency requirement

FAIR PRACTICE

SUSTAINABILITY - CULTURAL DIVERSITY

IMMIGRATION

TRADE

LABOUR

Visa required for South nationals

Strict immigration laws

Freedom of establishment/ownership

Slide 25

MOBILITY

The Reality

Commissions’ role

EDUCATION

PRACTICE

•Standards

•Mutual Recognition

•Validation

•Information sharing

•Solidarity network

•CPD

•Standards

•Mutual Recognition

•Information sharing

•Lobby at

    •WTO & Governments

•Capacity Building

UIA-UNESCO

VALIDATION COUNCIL

CPD

JOINT OVERSEER COM

Slide 27

MOBILITY

The Reality

Fragmented

Uncoordinated

Parallel iniatives

EDUCATION

PRACTICE

7 Reflection Groups

•Charter Application

Sustainability

•Teaching methods – IT

•Research

•Internships – CPD

Heritage

•Accreditation/Validation

•Accreditation/Validation

•Validation

UIA-UNESCO Council

UIA-UNESCO –RIBA Validation

•Practice in a host nation

•CPD JOC

Guidelines

•Internship

•Demonstration of Prof K

•Registration/Licensing

•Procurement

•Ethics and Conduct

•CPD

•Scope of Practice

•Form of Practice

Intellectual Property

•Role of Prof bodies

•Project delivery systems

•MRAs

Slide 29

MOBILITY

The Future

Meeting Platform

Coordinated

Focus

MOBILITY

TERMS OF REFERENCE

•Policies & Standards

•Mutual Recognition

•Information sharing

•Solidarity network

•Education

•Practice

•CPD

•Portability

•Political equivalence

•Lobby

TRANSPARENCY

SOLIDARITY

FAIR PRACTICE

SUSTAINABILITY - CULTURAL DIVERSITY

 

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