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Justice Architecture 2008


2008 Conference Content

“Right Sizing” the Courthouse

Determining the size of any new or expanded courthouse requires developing a program of needs at the onset. This is often a controversial and vexing challenge for clients and their consultants. There is often tension between the judiciary, seeking to build a court facility that meets both current and future needs, while the owner, struggles with striking a balance between legitimate needs and funding realities.

Robert Fisch, AICP, Robert Andrukonis, AIA, Robert Young, OAA, RAIC

Transition Begins at Design: The Jail Facility as an Agent of Change

Jails are not traditionally viewed as places for treatment and rehabilitation. However, because most jail inmates are released back to the community, successful reentry is a valid mission. The building as an “agent of change” supports this mission. This workshop will demonstrate the relationship between research, programmatic mission, facility design, and the creation of an environment conducive to positive behavior change. Concepts such as direct supervision, appropriate program and service spaces, and normative environment will be discussed as essential to the jail facility planning and design process.

April Pottorff, AIA, Laura Maiello

The Durham Consolidated Courthouse

(1) The Durham Consolidated Courthouse (Oshaa, Ontario)

(2) Public/ Private Partnerships Designing/Delivering California Courthouses

The Durham Consolidated Courthouse is the Government of Ontario's first Design-Build-Finance-Maintain(DBFM) project using Alternative Financing and Procurement(AFP). In this session, you will hear about the AFP process and how it benefits the government, the private sector and the people of Ontario. Using the Durham Consolidated Courthouse as a case study for this approach to project delivery, you will find out how AFP encourages design excellence and private sector innovation.

Peter Wilson, OAA, Robert Young, OAA, RAIC, Carl Blanchaer, OAA, FRAIC, Edward Rosen, AIA

Design-Build/Design Excellence in Juvenile Justice

(1) Design – Build/Design Excellence in Juvenile Justice

(2) Design – Build/Design Excellence in Juvenile Justice: Case study of DC Youth Services

With the explosive growth in the numbers of juveniles detained and adjudicated, the critical space needs create an opportunity to re-define the environments experienced by these at-risk youth. The accelerated fast-track schedule of these projects place pressure on the designer to explore the state-of-the-art, in the demanding time and budget sensitive context of design-build delivery.

Frank Greene, FAIA, Beverly Prior, AIA, LEED AP, James Kessler, AIA,LEED AP

Public Safety Facility’s Role as a Civic Building

What constitutes a civic building and what is its importance to the community? This session will explore how a combination of design features and site elements, in association with strong environmental and energy-efficient measures, can produce a civic building that is recognized by the community as a symbol of judicious use of resources. Through this effort, elected officials will lead by example the citizens of their communities in the commitment to conserve both natural and created assets through sustainable design, and in so doing create a new civic icon for the community.

Luis Pitarque, RA, NCARB, Thomas Vandeveer, AIA, NCARB, Kristina Bencsikova

Modern Courthouses and the New Green

Modern Courthouses and the New Green is a fast-moving graphic presentation from the obelisk in the ancient square, through the courthouse square in American architecture, to modern courthouses. The case studies link sustainable courthouses to the green civic space.

Tim Dibble, Assoc. AIA

Evidence –Based Design for Sustainable Justice Facilities

"Evidence-based design” applies knowledge about how facilities affect the people who occupy them. Having gained currency in health care, it is now being applied to justice facilities. This session presents the results and applications of research carried out under the auspices of the AAJ, as well as through other initiatives on courts, jails and prisons.
Jay Farbstein, PhD, FAIA, Melissa Farling, AIA, Mark Goldman, March ,

Debajyoti Pati, PhD, AIA, Dennis Dunne, CDCR ,Rich Wener,PhD

Protecting People: Security Design for Developers, Law Enforcement and the US Government

The application of security measures in the design of law enforcement facilities is a top priority for architects and engineers. There are several anti-terrorism standards issued by US government agencies; however, local law enforcement agencies do not have specific standards regarding security. The first step is to define the appropriate security design criteria to employ for the specific project. Through case studies, attendees are shown the latest design solutions used to increase building security and mitigate effects of blast while maintaining architectural freedom in government facilities. Design criteria changes, protective techniques and new materials are highlighted. Speakers explain how analytical risk assessments offer more options within defined budgets.
Eve Hinman, P.E., Robert Smilowitz, P.E. ,Tod Rittenhouse, P.E.

New Paradigms: French, European and United Nations Facilities

European and supra-national courts like EU courts and UN tribunals feature both similarities and marked differences to US courts. This presentation shares insights gained in a recent tour of these courthouses in Europe.

Frank Greene, FAIA, Christine Noble, Assoc. AIA, LEED, Dennis McFadden, FAIA

Benefits and Design of Greenspace in Justice Facilities

Greenspace, gardens and even photographs of nature can reduce stress levels and improve behavior of inmates and staff in correctional facilities. A range of case studies including; 1) recent research on correctional environments, 2) a prison hospice garden, and 3) jail-to-street horticultural training offer substantive evidence of the value of greenspace. 

Jay Farbstein, PhD FAIA

Redefining Bomb Squads: Post 9/11

In the post-9/11 era of national Homeland Security terrorism alerts, a new law enforcement building type has emerged: the Bomb Squad facility. The design architect, project manager, and client will discuss the innovative design strategies that were implemented to successfully fulfill the LAPD’s Metro and Valley Bomb Squads facilities’ unique programmatic and security requirements.
Andrea Cohen Gehring, FAIA, LEED AP


Green Mission Critical Facilities

Corresponding with a global interest in sustainable design, emergency communication centers are now being designed and constructed with much more concern for the environment. Facilities are now achieving “certified” and “silver” ratings according to the United States Green Building Council. Finally, all the strategies employed as a part of “green design” are simply part of good design to this specialized building type.

Steven E. Loomis, AIA, LEED AP ,Tom Woods, AIA, Dave Schrader, AIA

Design-Build, Design/Bid/Build, CM at Risk: What is the Best Approach?

This is an examination of various construction delivery methods and the pros and cons of each. Case studies for each approach will include lessons learned when considering the approach to construct a prison or jail as viewed from the owner, the contractor and the architect.

Gerald Winkler, AIA, David Jansen, MS, P.E., Bob Payne

Seattle Federal Courthouse Design: Green, High-Tech, and Secure

Participants will learn about the design and delivery of the first Federal courthouse constructed under the GSA's Design Excellence program. The award-winning U.S. Federal Courthouse in Seattle, opened in 2004, has been lauded both by end-users and the GSA itself for its successful balancing of function, design quality, and sustainability.

 Steve McConnell, FAIA, LEED AP, Katherine Diamond, FAIA, LEED AP

CSI: San Francisco-Investigating the Architecture of Forensic Facilities

As the frontier of forensic investigations rapidly advances, how must facility design and planning respond? This session will address past history, current trends and events, and future directions for forensic laboratory and medical examiner facility design. Issues addressed will be sustainable design, adaptability to scientific developments, cultural influences, the intertwined relationship of lab design and building design, evolving standards, and design excellence. This presentation will use case studies of major new facilities in the US and the Middle East to examine the complexities of this unique specialty within a specialty.
Steven Moodie , Susan Halla-Borrelli

Integrating Sustainable Design and Operation in a Major Corrections Expansion Program

The Washington State Department of Corrections (WDOC) has been integrating sustainable operation plans into a major prisons expansion program. WDOC has programs in waste reduction, composting, alternative energy and conservation, industries and other sustainability areas to mesh with the construction of 34 LEED gold and silver certified buildings.
David Jansen, MS, P.E. ,Jack Olson, Gerald Winkler, AIA


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